Pinehurst Ranch is located just outside the small mountain settlement of Pinehurst just a few miles up the road from two other small neighboring communities called Miramonte and Badger.  The lands around Pinehurst and the other communities were originally established through the Homestead Act of 1862 by the Federal Government which allowed people to settle on land up to 160 acres. Title was granted when farming took place. Most settlers around Pinehurst planted apple orchards to justify genuine settlement activity, and some of them can still be found today, including two separate orchards of apples on the ranch which are probably close to 100 years old.

Logging rights were not granted via the Homestead Act, so in 1878 the Timber and Stone Act was passed and land deemed “unfit” for farming was sold for $2.50 per acre to individuals who were allowed to conduct logging or mining on their property. Residency was not required and most buyers eventually transferred ownership to the large logging companies being established in the 1880s.

Cattle ranching, logging, fruit farming, the National Park and National Forestry services were the mainstay of economic activity in and around Pinehurst for nearly 100 years. Since the turn of the century, nothing has changed except that logging as a business has nearly been banned.

QUOTE : “Thousands of tired, nerve-shaken, over-civilized people are beginning to find out that going to the mountain is going home; that wildness is necessity; that mountain parks and reservations are useful not only as fountains of timber and irrigating rivers, but as fountains of life”.                                                  
John Muir, 1823-1914, forever known as the father of the Sierras and its history.

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